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  Scope and element of GHS



The Globally Harmonized System includes provisions for both classification criteria and hazard communication elements, i.e., labels and safety data sheets.

The following "GHS Standardized Hazard Symbols" picture is the standard symbols which should be used in the GHS.
With the exception of the new symbol which will be used for certain health hazard, the exclamation mark and the fish and tree, they are part of the standard symbol set used in the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.


1. Explosives

2. Flammability - gases

3. Flammability - aerosols

4. Flammability - liquids

5. Flammability - solids

6. Oxidizers - liquid

7. Oxidizers - solid

8. Oxidizers - gases

9. Self-Reactive

10.Pyrophoric - liquids

11.Pyrophoric - solids


13.Organic Peroxides

14.Corrosive to Metals

15.Gases Under Pressure

16.Water activated flammable gases


17.Acute Toxicity

18.Skin Corrosion/Irritation

19.Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation

20.Respiratory or Skin Sensitization

21.Germ Cell Mutagenicity


23.Reproductive Toxicity

24.Target Organ Systemic Toxicity - Single Dose

25.Target Organ Systemic Toxicity - Repeated Dose

26.Aspiration Hazard


27.Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment

Hazard Communication of Labelling:


.Signal Words of more severe hazard categories

.Hazard Statements describing the nature of hazards

.Precautionary Information

.Product Identifier/Chemical Identifier

.Supplier Identifier

Hazard Communication of Safety Data Sheet (SDS):

Minimum Information for a SDS

1. Identification

2. Hazard(s) identification

3. Composition/information on ingredients

4. First-aid measures

5. Fire-fighting measures

6. Accidental release measures

7. Handling and storage

8. Exposure controls/personal protection

9. Physical and chemical properties

10.Stability and reactivity

11.Toxicological information

12.Ecological information

13.Disposal considerations

14.Transport information

15.Regulatory information

16.Other information